Glossary of Terms


An appropriation is a parliamentary authorisation for the Crown or an Office of Parliament to incur expenses or capital expenditure.


For an amount, the actual incorporates the actual amount spent for the financial year.


For an amount, the budget incorporates the amount set for spending at the start of the year.

Community detention

Community detention (CD) is a community-based sentence that requires the offender to comply with an electronically-monitored curfew imposed by the court. Offenders can be sentenced to CD for up to six months. Curfews can total up to 84 hours per week. The minimum curfew period is two hours.

Community work

The sentence of Community work requires offenders to do unpaid work in the community for non-profit organisations.

Driver Licence

Qualifications composed of unit standards authorising individuals to drive prescribed types of vehicles.


Refers to any incident when a prisoner has become free of custodial control. Escapes are categorised irrespective of whether external charges are laid against the prisoner for escaping custody. Corrections has four categories of escape:

  • breakout
  • from escort
  • absconding
  • breach of temporary release


Amounts consumed or losses of service potential or future economic benefits, other than those relating to capital withdrawals, in a financial year (an accrual concept measured in accordance with generally accepted accounting practice).

Extended supervision

Extended supervision is aimed at managing long-term risks posed by child sex offenders in the community. An extended supervision order, imposed by the court, allows Corrections to monitor child sex offenders for up to ten years following their prison sentence.


For an amount, the forecast incorporates the amount or volumes that have been set for spending in the coming year.

Health and Safety

Qualifications sanctioned by Industry Training Organisations (ITO), underpinned by or containing unit standards. Examples are: First Aid, Grow Safe and Site Safe.

Home detention

Home detention (HD) is a sentence that requires an offender to remain at an approved residence at all times under electronic monitoring and close supervision by a probation officer. It can help offenders to maintain family relationships, keep working or actively seek work, attend training or rehabilitative programmes. Sentences may range in length from 14 days to 12 months.

Intensive supervision

Intensive supervision is a rehabilitative community-based sentence that requires offenders to address the causes of their offending with intensive oversight from a probation officer. Offenders can be sentenced to intensive supervision for between six months and two years.

Internal services employment activity

Internal services activities include asset maintenance, catering, distribution of goods, grounds maintenance, laundry, manufacturing and sundry services.

Justified complaints

Justified complaints are complaints received by the Inspectorate about the treatment of prison-based offenders, where the complaint has required the Inspector’s intervention in order to bring about a resolution.

Limited Credit Programme (LCP)

Qualification listed on the NQF administered by the NZQA, composed of a number of unit standards and is a pathway towards a National Certificate.

Modularised Training Programme (MTP)

Qualification not listed on the NQF administered by an Industry Training Organisation (ITO), composed of a number of unit standards and is a pathway towards a National Certificate.

National certificate

Qualification listed on the National Qualifications Framework (NQF) administered by the New Zealand Qualification Authority (NZQA), composed of a prescribed number of unit standards and is a complete qualification.


Goods or services supplied by departments and other entities to external parties. Outputs are a variety of types, including policy advice, administration of contracts and grants and the provision of specific services.

Post-release conditions

When an offender is released from prison they are required to comply with their standard and/or special conditions of release. These conditions are imposed by the NZPB. The conditions can be for six months or more.

Primary employment activity

Primary activities include farming, dairy and horticulture.


Reintegration services build upon the rehabilitation programme provided within New Zealand’s prisons, enabling and supporting offenders’ transitions into the community, or assisting offenders servicing sentences in the community to fulfil the conditions of their sentences and orders.

Reintegration services are demand driven and can be accessed by offenders while in custody (remand and sentenced) and post release. The timing of reintegration is based on the offender’s needs and supports other interventions.

Residential restrictions

Under the Parole Act 2002, the NZPB can impose special release conditions on an offender’s release. One of these conditions is residential restrictions requiring the offender to remain at a specified residence at all times or at times specified by the Board.

Serious assault

Defined as an act of violence that involves one or more of the following:

  • sexual assault of any form or degree where police charges have been laid or
  • physical assault resulting in bodily harm requiring medical intervention by medical staff or
  • physical assault resulting in bodily harm requiring extended periods of ongoing medical intervention.

Supervision is a rehabilitative community-based sentence that requires offenders to address the causes of their offending. Offenders can be sentenced to supervision for between six months and one year.

Supp. estimates

For an amount, the Supp. estimates incorporate all changes since the budget and becomes the final amount for spending for the financial year.

Timber employment activity

Timber activities include building refurbishment or joinery.

Trade ticket

Qualification underpinned by unit standards indicating trade currency and competency. Examples: 4711 Welding Ticket or Electrical Limited Regulation Ticket.

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